Home Agricultural Seed Potato Seed Origin And Botany

Irish Potato - Origin And Botany

The area of primary domestication for the potato is believed to be South America and specifically in the high plateau of Bolivia and Peru around Lake Titicaca where wild diploid potato species related to cultivars are still found. A large number of cultivars which differ from each other are still found under cultivation in the Peruvian and Bolivian areas. Those cultivars seem to have arisen from accidental cross breeding and subsequent selection by natives of the types suitable to their needs.

It is most probable that the Spanish explorers took the potatoes to Spain where it later spread to other parts of Europe and North America.

The potato is a herbaceous branched annual plant, 0.3-1 metre high with a mass of fine fibrous adventitious roots and swollen stem tubers. Leaves are arranged spirally on the stem. Normally leaves are compound. The inflores  

Chipata Depot
Stand No. 931 David Kaunda Rd
P.O. Box 510695, Chipata
Tel: +260 216 21500
Eastern province

Kapiri Mposhi Depot
Stand No. 911 Great North Rd
P.O. Box 810194, Kapiri Mposhi
Tel: +260 215 271166/74
Central Province

Kitwe Depot
Kitwe Show Grounds
P.O. Box 22196, Kitwe
Tel: +260212 226777
Coperbelt Province

Mazabuka Depot
Lubombo Rd
P.O. Box 670174, Mazabuka
Tel: +260 213 30275
Southern Province