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Irish Potato - Origin And Botany

The area of primary domestication for the potato is believed to be South America and specifically in the high plateau of Bolivia and Peru around Lake Titicaca where wild diploid potato species related to cultivars are still found. A large number of cultivars which differ from each other are still found under cultivation in the Peruvian and Bolivian areas. Those cultivars seem to have arisen from accidental cross breeding and subsequent selection by natives of the types suitable to their needs.

It is most probable that the Spanish explorers took the potatoes to Spain where it later spread to other parts of Europe and North America.

The potato is a herbaceous branched annual plant, 0.3-1 metre high with a mass of fine fibrous adventitious roots and swollen stem tubers. Leaves are arranged spirally on the stem. Normally leaves are compound. The inflores  
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